Giulio Manzonetto (LIPN, Paris 13), Refutation of Sallé's Longstanding Conjecture



The lambda-calculus possesses a strong notion of extensionality, called "the omega-rule", which has been the subject of many investigations. It is a longstanding open problem whether the equivalence obtained by closing the theory of Böhm trees under the omega-rule is strictly included in Morris's original observational theory, as conjectured by Sallé in the seventies. We will first show that Morris's theory satisfies the omega-rule. We will then demonstrate that the two aforementioned theories actually coincide, thus disproving Sallé's conjecture. The proof technique we develop is general enough to provide as a byproduct a new characterization, based on bounded eta-expansions, of the least extensional equality between Böhm trees.