de Mathématiques de Luminy
Arnoux Pierre, Berthé Valérie, Hilion Arnaud, Siegel Anne.
Fractal representation of the attractive lamination of an automorphism of the free group
In this paper, we extend to automorphisms of free groups some results and constructions that classically hold for morphisms of the free monoid, i.e., so-called substitutions. A geometric representation of the attractive lamination of a class of automorphisms of the free group (irreducible with irreducible powers (iwip) automorphisms) is given in the case where the dilation coefficient of the automorphism is a unit Pisot number. The shift map associated with the attractive symbolic lamination is, in this case, proved to be measure-theoretically isomorphic to a domain exchange on a self-similar Euclidean compact set. This set is called the central tile of the automorphism, and is inspired by Rauzy fractals associated with Pisot primitive substitutions. The central tile admits some specific symmetries, and is conjectured under the Pisot hypothesis to be a fundamental domain for a toral translation.