de Mathématiques de Luminy
Caractérisations de la représentation de Burau.
This paper is devoted to characterizations of the (reduced) Burau representation of the Artin braid group, in terms of rigid local systems. We prove that the Burau representation is the only representation of the Hecke algebra for which some local system associated to every linear representation of the braid group is irreducible and rigid in the sense of Katz. We also use previous results to give a characterization of the corresponding Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov system.