de Mathématiques de Luminy
Arnoux Pierre, Berthé
Valérie, Ei Hiromi and Ito Shunji.
Tilings, quasicrystals, discrete planes, generalized substitutions and multidimensional continued fractions.
The aim of this paper is to give an overview of recent results about tilings, discrete approximations of lines and planes, and Markov partitions for toral automorphisms. The main tool is a generalization of the notion of substitution. The simplest examples which correspond to algebraic parameters, are related to the iteration of one substitution, but we show that it is possible to treat arbitrary irrational examples by using multidimensional continued fractions. We give some non-trivial applications to Diophantine approximation, numeration systems and tilings, and we expose the main unsolved questions.
Keywords: Substitutions, translations on compact groups, tilings, atomic surface, fractal sets, Markov partitions, numeration systems.